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Copying I-9 Documents: Good or Bad Idea?

Certain supporting documents are required to verify employment eligibility when an employee fills out Form I-9, such as a driver’s license, passport, etc. But are employers required to make and keep copies of these documents? No. Should they? That’s up for debate. 

When filing out a Form I-9, new hires must present original ID and work authorization documents to their employer to prove that they are authorized to work in the U.S. Employers must examine the documents to determine if they appear to be genuine and indeed belong to the employee presenting them before recording the document information, signing the form and returning the documents to the worker. 

“There are two schools of thought on this,” says Janice Fritz, HR Consultant at KIG. “I personally subscribe to the school of ‘less is more,’ so I recommend not keeping copies. The proof that you saw the supporting documentation is the information you fill in from those documents on the I-9 itself. There is no right or wrong, but most seasoned HR people I’ve discussed this with fall on the ‘don't keep copies’ side of the issue.” 

Team Make Copies 

There are several reasons why you may want to copy and attach supporting documents to a Form I-9: 

  • Maintaining supporting documents may help show good faith during an audit by Immigration and Customs Enforcement investigators. If an employer is accused of hiring an unauthorized worker, a copy of the documentation may show that the employer truly thought the person in question was authorized to work in the U.S. 
  • Retaining copies could reduce monetary fines for common paperwork errors.  
  • Keeping copies of all new hires’ documentation can make conducting internal audits easier. Backup documentation can also be useful in the case of a discrimination claim. 

Team Don’t Make Copies 

There are also reasons why you might not want to attach copies of these documents: 

  • Copying documents may raise privacy concerns, especially if the copies are not securely stored.  
  • Making and keeping copies could provide ICE with evidence that the employer knowingly accepted false documents, particularly in the case of a fake or forged ID. 
  • If an employer decides to keep even one copied document, they must make and keep copies of all workers’ documents. This cannot be done on a selective basis. 
  • Note that copying documents alone is not a substitute for completing Form I-9. 

In some instances, employers have to copy I-9 documents to comply with E-Verify requirements or certain state laws. In that case, it’s best to copy these documents for all employees to help reduce the risk of a claim of discrimination. 

If an employer is enrolled in E-Verify and an employee presents a document that requires photo matching, the organization must retain a photocopy of the document presented. Here is more information on using the E-Verify program for I-9s. 


Jason Levan

Jason Levan joined Kuzneski Insurance Group in 2021 as Director of Communications and Content after his first career as a newspaper reporter and editor. In Act II, he oversees the content marketing for the company, with the goal of making the insurance world easier to understand and navigate for our clients. When he’s not at work, you can often find him “banging and clanging” in the gym, or spending time with his family.

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